RESEARCH

We emphasize and encourage links between academic researchers and practitioners at financial institutions to bring theoretical techniques to bear on real-world issues.

Climate Change and Environmental Risk

Climate change is a critical global concern that presents issues associated with warmer temperatures, increased water scarcity, and more frequent and severe weather events. All these factors can threaten the financial sector and the economic security. The physical risks of climate change present a clear threat to operations, but new investment opportunities and product offerings are also needed to respond to the changing world needs.

GRI is engaged in expanding financial sectors understanding of climate-related risks and specifically in identifying proactive responses.


CAT Bond – Premium Spreads

The cost of natural disasters is a major risk for insurers. Recent examples of major catastrophic events, and the associated losses, include Hurricane Katrina ($84 billion), the 2008 Sichuan earthquake ($148 billion), the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan (more than $300 billion) and Hurricane Sandy ($75 billion).

Climate Change and Long-Run Discount Rates: Evidence from Real Estate

In this paper, we estimate the term structure of discount rates for an important risky asset class, real estate, up to the very long horizons relevant for investments in climate change abatement. We show that this term structure is steeply downward-sloping, reaching 2.6% at horizons beyond 100 years. We explore the implications of these new data within both a general asset pricing framework that decomposes risks and returns by horizon and a structural model calibrated to match a variety of asset classes.

Managing Carbon Risk: A Look at Environmentally Conscious Indices

Increasingly, governments around the globe are implementing more stringent climate policies to help stimulate the transition to lower-carbon economies. This transition brings with it both risks and opportunities for the financial sector. In this study, we compare the carbon intensity and performance of ‘green’ equities portfolios (environmentally conscious indices) and traditional market portfolios (market indices).

A Target GDP Approach to Risk and Return in Climate Change Policy

Climate change is widely recognized as a serious risk that requires worldwide governmental action. Failing to act on climate change including the risk to the world’s financial systems by threatening financial resilience and longer-term prosperity.

Climate Change: Why Financial Institutions should take note

Climate change is one of the most significant environmental, economic and social challenges of our time. Download a copy of this report to learn more about this relatively new risk category whose impact on organizations will continue to grow.

Multi-Period MV Approach to Risk & Return in Climate Change Policy

Multi-Period MV Approach to Risk & Return in Climate Change Policy There is increasing public pressure on governments to commit to credible plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through carbon taxes, cap and trade or other regulatory systems. The responses of governments to climate change will have large impacts on the economy and on the… View Article

A Financial Approach to Environmental Risk

This project uses the tools of modern finance and risk management to measure and model environmental risks. Environmental risks can be thought of as long run risks which naturally influence portfolio decisions including insurance. This study examines publicly traded environmental portfolios and develops portfolios which will be published on the widely viewed and celebrated web site — VLAB.stern.nyu.edu.