Publications

Global Risk Institute is a preeminent source of ideas on the management of emerging risks and trends for financial services organizations

Publication Library


Research Report

A Resource Estimation Framework for Quantum Attacks Against Cryptographic Functions – part 1

“A Resource Estimation Framework for Quantum Attacks Against Cryptographic Functions” provides an update on our ongoing work related to estimating the real-world effort it will take for a quantum computer to compromise specific cryptographic functions at the foundation of protecting our ICT infrastructure.

Research Report

Incentives Behind Clearinghouse Default Waterfalls

We study the incentives provided by the conventional clearinghouse default loss allocation mechanism via a theoretical model. The equilibrium solution to our model provides an analytical characterization of important layers of a clearinghouse’s loss-absorbing capital, systemic risk, and economic surplus from centrally cleared trading.

Research Report

Managing Carbon Risk: A Look at Environmentally Conscious Indices

Increasingly, governments around the globe are implementing more stringent climate policies to help stimulate the transition to lower-carbon economies. This transition brings with it both risks and opportunities for the financial sector. In this study, we compare the carbon intensity and performance of ‘green’ equities portfolios (environmentally conscious indices) and traditional market portfolios (market indices).

Research Report

Analysis of the SRISK Measure and Its Application to the Canadian Banking and Insurance Industries

In this paper, we analyse, modify, and apply one of the most widely used measures of systemic risk, SRISK, developed by Brownlees and Engle (2016). The measure is defined as the expected capital shortfall of a firm conditional on a prolonged market decline. We argue that segregated funds, also known as separate accounts in the US, should be excluded from actuarial liabilities when SRISK is calculated for insurance companies

White Paper

Shadow Banking: Non-bank Credit Intermediation Heightens Risks for the Global Financial System

As the shadow banking sector continues to grow, what are the impacts on the overall financial system? How are global financial markets affected by shadow banks and what are the areas to watch? Sheila Judd, Executive in Residence at Global Risk Institute discusses these ideas in this paper on Shadow Banking.

White Paper

The Challenges of Implementing IFRS 9-Impairment

Canadian Banks and credit unions are in the midst of implementing one of the most challenging accounting changes in recent memory, when they move from an Incurred Loss (IAS 39) to an Expected Credit Loss (“ECL”) (IFRS 9) accounting standard. This article provides an overview of IFRS 9 and its potential impacts.

Presentation / Video

New Approaches to Performance Evaluation

Campbell Harvey`s presentation on New Approaches to Performance Evaluation at the International Centre of Pension Management (ICPM).

White Paper

Equity Holding Preferences of U.S. based Insurance Companies in Low Interest Rate Periods

Equity Holding Preferences of U.S. based Insurance Companies in Low Interest Rate Periods Related Project: Optimal and Actual Asset Allocation Decisions in Protracted Low Interest Rate Periods Author: C. Krishnamurti, N. Papagiorgiou, F. Radmehr Professor Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti is the lead research contributor for the Global Risk Institute on Optimal and Actual Asset Allocation Decisions in Protracted... View Article

White Paper

AI Frontiers: Where We are Today and the Risks and Benefits of An AI Enabled Future

"Artificial Intelligence” is a very powerful narrative. In fact, today, many leading thinkers envision a future where machines surpass humans in intelligence. In Part One of our two part series, we assess of the potential near term risks and benefits of Artificial Intelligence. Later, in Part Two, we explore how AI is expected to impact Financial Services and what specific use-cases we expect to see over the next 1-3 years.

White Paper

An Improved Application of the Variable Annuity

Variable annuities have been used as a payout mechanism in some US pension plans that are qualified under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code for many years. This innovative payout technique has also been introduced in a large pension plan in British Columbia that is registered under the Canadian Income Tax Act. Under this technique, the registered pension pl an establishes a “hurdle rate”.

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