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White Paper

President Trump’s Paris Pullout: What it means for financial institutions

Throughout his campaign for the U.S. presidency, Donald Trump expressed skepticism about climate change and promised to repeal Obama-era climate policies. On June 1, 2017, President Trump made good on one of his biggest climate-policy promises by announcing that the United States would withdraw from the Paris Agreement. This paper discusses the impacts of this decision.

White Paper

Mind the Gap: Addressing Gender Imbalances in Leadership (and a Case for Paternity Leave)

This paper includes an examination of the risks associated with continuation of the workplace gender gap, and the rewards for firms that achieve gender diversity. It makes a case for dedicating a portion of parental leave exclusively for men, on the basis that gender equality at home is a prerequisite for gender equality at work. Other recommended actions to foster gender equality are also included.

Research Report

A Parsimonious Parametric Model for Generating Margin Requirements for Futures

Although regulatory rules for derivatives margin requirements have not yet been implemented they are currently under active discussion. In the USA, margins of derivative positions cleared by a central counter-party (CCP) must adhere to the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, which reinforces the role of their supervision by the Securities Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. In Europe, EMIR regulations will require more stable margin requirements and an increased confidence level for CCP losses when a client defaults.

Research Report

A Comparison of Survey and Incentivized-Based Risk Attitude Elicitation

A Comparison of Survey and Incentivized-Based Risk Attitude ElicitationAuthors: Jim Engle-Warnick, Diego Pulido, and Marine de MontaignacRelated Project: Behavioral FinanceThe Global Risk Institute funded this research along with the preparation of this paper.Download Summary: EXECUTIVE SUMMARYOne of the duties of financial advisors is to assist investors with building a portfolio that fits their needs and preferences. An... View Article

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Cyber Risk & Security

On April 11th, Duo Security and the Global Risk Institute (GRI) co-hosted an executive breakfast in Toronto to provide an update on current security trends and key information that leaders need to know.

White Paper

CAT Bond – Premium Spreads

The cost of natural disasters is a major risk for insurers. Recent examples of major catastrophic events, and the associated losses, include Hurricane Katrina ($84 billion), the 2008 Sichuan earthquake ($148 billion), the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan (more than $300 billion) and Hurricane Sandy ($75 billion).

White Paper

Breaking Bad Data & Solving for AML

With this article we are kicking off a focus on the usage of Big Data and Advanced Analytics in the area of anti-moneylaundering (AML). AML has been a particularly difficult solution for global banks as the evolving regulatory standards call for banks to be able to readily monitor all transactions across the firm, which requires an in-depth knowledge of their clients and their clients’ counterparties (and often times the correspondent banks).

Research Report

Climate Change and Long-Run Discount Rates: Evidence from Real Estate

In this paper, we estimate the term structure of discount rates for an important risky asset class, real estate, up to the very long horizons relevant for investments in climate change abatement. We show that this term structure is steeply downward-sloping, reaching 2.6% at horizons beyond 100 years. We explore the implications of these new data within both a general asset pricing framework that decomposes risks and returns by horizon and a structural model calibrated to match a variety of asset classes.

Research Report

A Resource Estimation Framework for Quantum Attacks Against Cryptographic Functions – part 1

“A Resource Estimation Framework for Quantum Attacks Against Cryptographic Functions” provides an update on our ongoing work related to estimating the real-world effort it will take for a quantum computer to compromise specific cryptographic functions at the foundation of protecting our ICT infrastructure.

Research Report

Incentives Behind Clearinghouse Default Waterfalls

We study the incentives provided by the conventional clearinghouse default loss allocation mechanism via a theoretical model. The equilibrium solution to our model provides an analytical characterization of important layers of a clearinghouse’s loss-absorbing capital, systemic risk, and economic surplus from centrally cleared trading.