Research

We emphasize and encourage links between academic researchers and practitioners at financial institutions to bring theoretical techniques to bear on real-world issues.

Macroeconomic Risk

Macroeconomic risk derives from the behaviour of industries and governments and the relationships between them rather than from individual companies. It concerns fiscal and monetary policies, trade and investment flows and political developments on a national and international scale, and the effects of these factors on financial portfolios and company valuations. Intermediate variables of particular importance to macroeconomic risk include equities and commodities markets, business cycles, unemployment, inflation, interest rates, prices, and exports/imports.

GRI seeks to support our members as they refine and supplement existing risk management practices in response to changing macroeconomic conditions.


Mortgage Foreclosure, Forbearance, and Refinancing

This paper examines the effect of foreclosure prevention policies during the pandemic on refinancing activities in the United States.

TRANSITIONING FROM THE PANDEMIC: Towards a More Balanced Fiscal Policy

As Canada’s COVID-19 vaccination rates achieve critical thresholds in mid 2021, fundamental changes in fiscal policy are recommended to boost the Canadian economy’s supply side and make governments’ demand-side support more effective.

COVID-19 Triggers Great Nonfinancial Risk Crisis: Nonfinancial risk management best practices in Canada

COVID-19 Triggers Great Nonfinancial Risk Crisis: Nonfinancial risk management best practices in Canada Lois Tullo, Executive in Residence, Global Risk Institute Download the full Report – PDF Version INTRODUCTION The spread of viral disease COVID-19 is the most transformative nonfinancial risk (NFR) of this decade.  The uniting of strategy and risk management has never been… View Article

In Sickness and in Debt: The COVID-19 Impact on Sovereign Credit Risk

The COVID-19 pandemic provides a unique setting in which to evaluate the importance of a country’s fiscal capacity in explaining the relation between economic growth shocks and sovereign default risk. For a sample of 30 developed countries, we find a positive and significant sensitivity of sovereign default risk to the intensity of the virus’ spread for fiscally constrained governments. Supporting the fiscal channel, we confirm the results for Eurozone countries and U.S. states, for which monetary policy can be held constant. Our analysis suggests that financial markets penalize sovereigns with low fiscal space, thereby impairing their resilience to external shocks.

Progress Toward 2021 Canadian Monetary Policy Renewal

The Bank of Canada (BoC) is in the process of a multi-year review in advance of the renewal of its monetary policy framework in 2021. Culminating in an inflation-control agreement with the Government of Canada every five years, the renewal process adds credibility to the Bank’s inflation objective and underpins its operational independence. This paper is a summary of the virtual workshop the BoC held on August 26th titled “Towards the 2021 Renewal of the Monetary Policy Framework.

Reimagining “NAFTA 2.0”

This report moves beyond traditional approaches to risk management in the financial services industry and focuses specifically on understanding political uncertainty. It uses the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as a case study to illustrate the value of social scientific theory when analyzing multilateral negotiations.

United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement

Canadian financial service professionals have watched negotiations with a keen eye to see what changes could be made to the original NAFTA provisions and what the possible implications might be for the industry. With an agreement in place, it is possible to begin to evaluate the new elements of the USMCA and point to the kinds of first and second-order effects of which financial risk managers should be aware.

Equity Holding Preferences of U.S. based Insurance Companies in Low Interest Rate Periods

Equity Holding Preferences of U.S. based Insurance Companies in Low Interest Rate PeriodsRelated Project: Optimal and Actual Asset Allocation Decisions in Protracted Low Interest Rate PeriodsAuthor: C. Krishnamurti, N. Papagiorgiou, F. RadmehrProfessor Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti is the lead research contributor for the Global Risk Institute on Optimal and Actual Asset Allocation Decisions in Protracted Low Interest Rate Periods…. View Article